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Since 1979, this review of materials published in English has explored the origins of the secular Shambhala tradition of Chogyam Trungpa (1978-2002) and the ancient, historical Kingdom of Shambhala in Central Asia .....The actual human historical level is of greatest interest.....eurocentric, nationalistic, religious, sectarian, mythical, heroic, legendary, spiritual, conflated, archaeological, primordial, imperial, heavenly versions are all explored ... regions of interest include Eastern Iran (Takzig/Khorasan), Bactra/Kapisa, Kashmir/Gilgit (Od'iana) and Mt Kailas (ZangZung)...these extensive, notes are statements worth exploring further rather than solid conclusions......internet links are usually provided for deeper explorations...
Current interests include: Bactria/Oxus Region prior to Alexander (from 1500 BC - 300 BC)....the Indo-Iranian-Mithraic traditions of the Bactra/Kapisa regions of Greater Khorasan ...the Arabic/Islamic conquest of the region ...the Mithra-Shiva-Shenlha Odkar-Shiwa Okar and Anahita-Sherab Chamma relationship.....the Sumeria-Persia-Bactria connection....etc, etc.
King Sophagasenus & The Kapisa Valley (206 BC) ... Sophagasenos also spelt Sophagasenus or Sophagasenas (Sanskrit: Subhagasena) was a local King ruling in Kabul and Kapisa valley (Paropamisade of the classical writings) during the last decade of 3rd century BC...Polybius, the Greek historian, makes reference to Sophagasenus in context with Antiochus III’s expedition across the Caucasus Indicus (Hindu Kush Mountains) in around 206 BC. Having crossed the Caucasus Mountains, Antiochus moved up to Kabul and met Sophagasenus the King with whom he renewed league and friendship he had made previously.....
Uddiyana Kurukulla & Vashya-Karma Magic... One Buddhist Dakini originating from the country of Uddiyana is the goddess Kurukulla. The name Kurukulla is translated into Tibetan as Rigjyedma (rig-byed-ma), “she who is the cause knowledge.” She is associated with a king of Uddiyana named Indrabhuti...... there exists a sadhana text attributed to him for the red Kurukulla......she is generally known as the Uddiyana Kurukulla. ….
Gendün Chöphel (1903–1951) & the White Annals ...The White Annals - an unfinished work on the early history of Tibet by Gendün Chöpel….Gendun Chopel is revered as Tibet's greatest modern poet......He published articles questioning traditional Tibetan views on history, world geography, and the origin of Tibetan writing..... He became a target for ecclesiastical extremists and conservative nobles. He was arrested, whipped, and thrown into prison at the foot of the Potala Palace. His research materials written during twelve years of exile in India were stolen and never returned.
Buddhagupta-natha & Dumasthira, Oddiana (1580 AD) ... Buddhaguptanatha (1514-1610)...locates Urgyan (Uddyana) in Ghazni, about 50 miles south of Kabul in modern Afghanistan, which is in contrast with the traditional location of Urgyan in the Swat area......Tāranātha (1575–1634) gives a detailed description of the country and Dumasthira, the capital city of Uddyana....the focal location of the magic dakini women.….
Kushan Empire Mint Cities...The Mint Cities of the Kushan Empire: Balkh, Surkh Khotal, Kapisa (Begram), Peshawar (Puskavalait), Taxila, Kanishakapura, Sagala (Sialkot), Mathura….
The Pāratas & King Yolamira (125 AD) ...The Pāratas, an Iranian people and ruling dynasty from what is now western Pakistan, are known essentially through their coinage, which typically exhibit the bust of a particular monarch on the obverse ( having long hair within a headband), and a swastika within a circular legend on the reverse….The swastika mark is not encountered on Kushan coins, but it is an element on Kushanshah coins